Caravaggio, Michelangelo da Merisi

Spanish Empire 1571 - 1610 Spanish Empire (d.39)


Caravaggio immortalized common people with their imperfections intact often as the protagonists in holy drama. This shift from the accepted standard practice and the Classical Idealism (the idealist creation where gods walk with men) was very controversial at the time. His influence became part of the tradition of Revolutionary Realism, dramatized by inner emotions with the use of light which gave way to arcane interpretations as illustrated in the above painting, ‘Martha and Mary Magdalene' also known as The Conversion of the Magdalen’  (alternate title) ca. 1598 which is held in the Detroit Institute of Arts.

The intensity of the conversation between the two sisters is illuminated in Mary’s expression as she twirls the blossom of orange between her fingers. The models featured, Anna Bianchini (Martha) and Fillide Melandroni (Mary), were two well-known courtesans who frequented the palazzi of Del Monte and other wealthy, powerful art patrons.

Red Eye(s)

A red eye is the cardinal sign of ocular inflammation. The condition is usually benign and can be managed by primary care physicians. Conjunctivitis is the most common cause of red eye. Other common causes include blepharitis, corneal abrasion, foreign body, subconjunctival hemorrhage, keratitis, iritis, glaucoma, chemical burn, and scleritis.(1)


Scleritis is believed to be the result of the body's immune system overreacting. The type of scleritis you have depends on the location of the inflammation. Most people feel severe pain with the condition, but there are exceptions. Early treatment with medication is necessary to prevent scleritis from progressing.(2)


Scleritis is a serious inflammatory disease that affects the white outer coating of the eye, known as the sclera. The disease is often contracted through association with other diseases of the body, such as granulomatosis with polyangiitis or rheumatoid arthritis.(3)